(one of the Four sons of
|Hapy (also Hapi),
was a deification of the annual flood of
the Nile River, in Egyptian
mythology, which deposited rich silt
on the banks, allowing the Egyptians to
grow crops. Occasionally a token wife, named
Meret (simply meaning
beloved), was occasionally given to him.
However, more usually, since the Nile was
tied to the land, Hapi was said to have
a wife who was the patron of the land, which
in Upper Egypt was Nekhbet,
and was Wadjet
in Lower Egypt. After a while, he became
identified with Nu, god (or rather, deification)
of the primordial waters, in the Ogdoad
cosmogeny, and thus gained Naunet
as another wife.
His name means Running One, probably referring to the current
of the Nile. Some of the titles of Hapy were Lord of the Fishes
and Birds of the Marshes and Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation.
It may be the case that originally Hapy (or a variation on
it) was the earlier the name used for the Nile itself, since
it was said (inaccurately) that the Nile began between Mu-Hapy
and Kher-Hapy, at the southern edge of egypt (it actually
comes from two lakes, one of which is Lake Victoria).
The annual flooding of the Nile was occasionally said to
be the Arrival of Hapy. Since this flooding provided created
fertile soil in an area that was otherwise desert, Hapy, as
its patron, symbolised fertile lands. Consequently, though
obviously male, and with a beard, Hapy was pictured with full
breasts, and a large belly, as representations of the fertility
of the Nile, also he was usually given blue or green skin,
representing the water.
Other attributes varied on the area of Egypt. In Lower Egypt,
he was adorned with papyrus plants, and attended by frogs,
present in the region, and symbols of it. Whereas in Upper
Egypt, it was the lotus and crocodiles which were more present
in the Nile, thus these were the symbols of the region, and
those associated with Hapy. Hapy was often pictured carrying
offerings of food or pouring water from an amphora, but was
also depicted very rarely as an hippopotamus.
The Hymn to the Flood says:
Lightmaker who comes from the dark
Fattener of herds
Might that fashions all
None can live without him
People are clothed with the flax of his
Thou makest all the land to drink unceasingly,
as thou descendest on thy way from the
and Goddesses Menu
This article is
copied from an article on Wikipedia.org
- the free encyclopedia created and edited by
online user community. Although the vast majority
of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide
accurate and timely information please do not
assume the accuracy of any particular article.
This article is distributed under the terms
Free Documentation License.