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Egyptian Statues

 
The following Egyptian statues can be purchased in the Egyptian Dreams shop. Click on an image to visit the shop.

Laying Anubis Gold Statue Anubis Box
Anubis

The god of embalming and cemeteries, Anubis is usually depicted as a jackal or a man with the head of a jackal.

Since jackals were common scavengers in Egyptian burial sites, the honouring of Anubis in this guise may have represented a way of protecting the dead from molestation.

Anubis was an ancient deity to whom prayers for the survival of the deceased in the Afterlife were addressed before Osiris rose to prominence as the god of the dead.

Anubis continued to assist in the judgement of the dead and accompanied the deceased to the throne of Osiris for the ritual of the Weighing of the Heart.


Egyptian Goddess Bast Egyptian Cat
Bastet or Bast

Bastet, the cat goddess, was worshipped in the ancient city of Per-Bastet (Bubastis). Although Bastet was a local deity, she was of great importance to the kings of Egypt. Cat-like, she had both gentle and fierce aspects to her nature. To the ancient Egyptians, the cat epitomized the protective aspects of motherhood, so Bastet was honoured as one of the mothers of kings.

Horus Horus
Horus

The son of Osiris and Isis, Horus was a god of the sky and is usually depicted as a hawk, or a man with a hawk's head wearing the crown of all Egypt.

He is probably most well-known as the protector of the ruler of Egypt.

After Osiris was murdered by his brother Seth, Horus fought with Seth for the throne of Egypt.

In this battle, Horus lost one of his eyes. The eye was restored to him and it became a symbol of protection for the ancient Egyptians. After this battle, Horus was chosen to be the ruler of the world of the living.


Winged Isis Isis
Isis

Isis was a winged goddess who represented all that was visible, birth, growth, development and vigour. Having wings, she was a wind goddess. The kite was sacred to her, and she could transform herself into this bird at will. She brought the heavenly scent with her through the land, leaving lingering scenes of spices and flowers her wake. She brought fresh air with her into the underworld when she gave food to the dead. She represented both the life-giving spring winds of Egypt and the morning winds that hailed the arrival of the sun each day.

The ancient Egyptians saw Isis as a benevolent goddess, good and kind. Each pharaoh was her son and Isis loved all creatures like a mother. She was the chaste and devoted wife and as a result most highly regarded among the Egyptian gods. Isis was the daughter of Nut and Geb and the sister and wife of Osiris. Isis aided her husband during his reign as the king of Egypt and searched madly for his body after his death so that he might be given a proper burial. Isis conceived her son Horus either through magic or by resurrecting Osiris. Isis raised Horus in the papyri and lotus thickets of Chemmis, in the delta area of Lower Egypt to protect the child from his uncle Seth. Seth wanted to murder Horus, but Isis hid the child so that some day he might avenge his father’s death.


Gold Nefertiti Bust Stone Nefertiti Bust
Nefertiti

Famed throughout the ancient world for her outstanding beauty, queen Nefertiti remains one of the most well known of the queens of Egypt. Nefertiti was the Wife of Akhenaten during the Eighteenth Dynasty. She bore Akhenaten 6 daughters and no sons, and shared a near co-rulership with the king. Fifteen years after her appointment to the position of Queen of Memphis, Nefertiti mysteriously disappeared. Egyptologists have assumed that this was either due to banishment or her death. However, little evidence suggests that she actually died. Similarly, speculation exists as to whether she was the obscure pharaoh Nefernefuaten.

The available evidence suggests that she was not an Egyptian, a striking departure, for the Egyptian Royal House which, to keep the line pure and to follow the example of Isis and Osiris, usually married the princes and the princesses to each other.


Pewter Osiris
Osiris

Brother of Nephthys and Seth, and the brother and husband of Isis. Osiris was usually depicted in human form wrapped up as a mummy, holding a crook and flail. He was often depicted with green skin, alluding to his role as a god of vegetation. He wore a crown known as the 'atef', composed of the tall conical white crown of Upper Egypt with red plumes on each side.

He was killed by his rival and brother, Seth. At a banquet of the gods, Seth fooled Osiris into stepping into a coffin, which he promptly slammed shut and cast into the Nile. Osiris was never seen again, walking in the land of the living.

The coffin was born by the Nile to the delta town of Byblos, where it became enclosed in a tamarisk tree. Isis, the wife of Osiris, discovered the coffin and brought it back home to guard. Isis gave birth to Horus after his death, having impregnated herself with semen from his corpse.

Taking advantage of Isis's absence from her vigil one day, Seth cut the body to pieces and cast them into the Nile. Isis searched the land for the body parts of Osiris, and was eventually able to piece together his body, whole save for the penis, which had been swallowed by a crocodile or a fish. Isis replaced the penis with a reasonable facsimile, and she was often portrayed in the form of a kite being impregnated by the ithyphallic corpse of Osiris.

Osiris became the great god of the underworld. He was associated with funerary rituals, at first only with those of the Egyptian monarch, later with those of the populace in general. The pharaoh was believed to become Osiris after his death. Although he was regarded as a guarantor of continued existence in the afterlife, Osiris also had a darker, demonic aspect associated with the physiological processes of death and decay, and reflecting the fear Egyptians had of death in spite of their belief in an afterlife. Osiris was also a judge of the dead, referred to as the 'lord of Maat'.


Ramesses II Ramesses The Great
Ramesses II

Called Ramesses the Great, he lived for 96 years. It is believed that he had as many as fifty sons and fifty daughters, though only a few of them are known to us. His chief, and most likely favorite wife, was Nefertari. In the seventh year of his father's (Seti I) reign, Ramesses II became co-ruler of Egypt. Ramesses II and his father began many restoration and building projects. These included the building of several temples and the restoration of other shrines and complexes throughout Egypt. He built a mortuary complex at Abydos in honor of Osiris and the famed Ramesseum. Having outlived many of his older sons, his 13th son ascended to the throne upon his death in 1298 B.C.E.

Winged Sphinx The Great Sphinx
Sphinx

With the body of a lion and the head of a king, the Great Sphinx at Giza was believed to have been built in 2500 BC. However there is evidence of rain-induced weathering. If the weathering is indeed caused by rain, it would mean that the Sphinx has been in existence since North Africa had a wet climate - more than 12,000 years ago!

Most Egyptologists regard the Sphinx as a portrait of the king Khafre, carved from an outcrop of rock that remained after the quarrying of limestone for the interior of the Great Pyramid.

The Great Sphinx measures 66 feet high and over 240 feet long. The face of the Sphinx rises 13 feet with the eyes being 6 feet high. Part of the nose and beard are now missing, but the beard can still be seen in the British Museum.

Viewed as protectors and guardians, lesser sphinxes are often seen at temple entrances.

In Egypt there are three types of sphinx:

Androsphinx, which has the body of a lion with a human head, like the Great Sphinx.

Crisophinx, which has the body of a lion with a ram head.

Hierocosphinx, which has the body of a lion with a hawk's head.


Tutankhamum Gold Tutankhamum
Tutankhamun

King Nebkheperura Tutankhamun is probably the most famous of all the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, yet he was a short lived and fairly insignificant ruler during a transitional period in history.

Little was known of him prior to Howard Carters methodical detective work, but the discovery of his tomb and the amazing contents it held ultimately ensured this boy king of the Immortality he sought.

It is believed that Akhenaten and a lesser wife named Kiya were the parents of Tutankhaten, as Tutankhamun was known at first.

Soon after the deaths of Akhenaten and Smenkhkare, Tutankhaten became a Boy King at the age of about nine. He married a slightly older Ankhesenpaaten, one of the daughters of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.

After the ousting of the Aten power base they changed their names to Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamun to reflect the return to favour of the Amun hierarchy.

Due to his young age, Tutankhamun would not have been responsible for the real decision making. This would have been handled by two high officials, Ay (possibly the father of Nefertiti) and Horemheb, commander-in-chief of the army.

Sometime around the ninth year of Tutankhamun's reign, possibly 1325 B.C., he died. There is evidence of an injury to the skull that had time to partly heal. He may have suffered an accident, such as falling from his horse-drawn chariot, or perhaps he was murdered. No one knows. Ay oversaw Tutankhamun's burial arrangements which lasted 70 days.

Due to Tutankhamun having no heirs, Ay became Pharaoh and took Ankhesenamun as his queen to legitimise his rule. What happened to her after that is not known. Ay ruled for only four years and after his death Horemheb grabbed power. He soon obliterated evidence of the reigns of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Ay and substituted his own name on many monuments.

One particular statue, found in his tomb, shows the king harpooning from a boat made of papyrus stems. The king is represented wearing the crown of lower Egypt and holding a harpoon. The statue is believed to represent the king in the performance of a religious rite which is described in a text on a wall of the temple of Edfu. The text relates how the god Horus defeated the evil god Seth and his followers who had transformed themselves into hippopotami and crocodiles and attacked Horus in his boat. Horus and his followers killed the enemy with harpoons. The statue shows Tutankhamun impersonating the god Horus, of whom he was thought to be the earthly embodiment. The hippopotamus of Seth would not be represented because his presence might be a source of danger to the king in the afterlife.

This statue is often wrongly named 'Tutankhamun Fishing'


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